Agriculture: Turfgrass Pest Management Guidelines

Sensitivity of Turf Species to Herbicides

  PREEMERGENCE
ATR BES CHL DCP DIT ISO NAP ORY OXA PEN PRD PRO* SID
TURF SPECIES  
bentgrasses s T T r r s s s s s s R
bermudagrass, common r T T T T T T R T T T T s
bermudagrass, hybrid r T T T T t r T T T T s
bluegrass, Kentucky s T T T T T r s T R R s T
dichondra s T s s T t s t r r
fescue, fine s T T R T s T T T s R
fescue, tall s T s T T T t s T T T s T
kikuyugrass t T t r r r t s
ryegrasses s T s T T r s R r T s T
St. Augustinegrass t T R T T s T R s s
zoysiagrass T T R T T r s R R T s T
UPPER CASE LETTERS = Registered for this turf species in California
S = sensitive     R = relatively tolerant     T = tolerant     — = no information

  POSTEMERGENCE
BIS BTZ BRO CAR CHL CLO DIC* ETH1 FLU FLX FOR GLY HAL MEC MSM PEX PRO* QUI SUL TRS TRY 24A* 24E*
TURF SPECIES  
bentgrasses R r r T T t R T s R s s T T s R s R R s s r s
bermudagrass, common T T T T T t T R2 s R T s T T T T T T T T r T T
bermudagrass, hybrid T T T T t T R2 r R T s T T T T T R T s s T T
bluegrass, Kentucky s T T T T t T T s T s s T T R T s T T s T T T
dichondra s s s s T s s T s s s s s r s s s s s s
fescue, fine T T T t T s T R s s T T T s T T s T T T
fescue, tall T T T s t T T s T s s T T t R-S s R T s T T T
kikuyugrass t T r s R s r s T s r s s t r
ryegrasses R T T T s t T T s T s s T t T R-S s T T s T T T
St. Augustinegrass T R T R s T R R s T t s s s s s s s s
zoysiagrass T t T R t R s s T T s T r T s T s T s r s
UPPER CASE LETTERS = Registered for this turf species in California
S = sensitive     R = relatively tolerant     T = tolerant     — = no information
ATR = atrazine (Drexel Atrazine) FLU = fluazifop (Fusilade II) QUI = quinclorac (Drive)
BES = bensulide (Bensumec) FLX = fluroxypyr (Vista) PEN = pendimethalin (Pendulum)
BIS = bispyribac sodium (Velocity) FOR = foramsulfuron (Revolver) PEX = penoxsulam (Sapphire)
BRO = bromoxynil (Buctril) GLY = glyphosate (Roundup) PRD = prodiamine (Barricade)
BTZ = bentazon (Bentazon, Broadloom) HAL = halosulfuron (Sedgehammer) PRO = pronamide (Kerb)
CAR = carfentrazone (QuickSilver) ISO = isoxaben (Gallery) SUL = sulfosulfuron (Certainty)
CHL = chlorsulfuron (Corsair) MEC = mecoprop (MCPP) TRS = trifloxysulfuron (Monument)
CLO = clopyralid (Lontrel) MSM = MSMA TRY = triclopyr (Turflon)
DCP = DCPA (Dacthal) NAP = napropamide (Devrinol) 24A = 2,4-D amine*
DIC = dicamba* (Banvel) ORY = oryzalin (Surflan) 24E = 2,4-D ester*
DIT = dithiopyr (Dimension) OXA = oxadiazon (Ronstar)    
ETH = ethofumesate (PoaConstrictor, Prograss)  

* Permit required from county agricultural commissioner for purchase or use.
1 See label for varietal tolerance of each turf species. Injury may occur to certain species or cultivars.
2 For use on dormant bermudagrass only.
Text Updated: 09/09