Symptoms and Signs
The most striking symptom of tomato big bud is the large, swollen green buds that fail to develop normally and do not set fruit. Apical stems are thick and assume an upright growth habit. Infected plants appear bushy because of shortened internodes and small leaves. Leaves are distorted and yellow-green. Aerial roots may develop on stems.
Comments on the Disease
Tomato big bud is an uncommon disease in California except in western Fresno County where it occurs regularly. Beet leafhopper transmitted viresence agent, a phytoplasma organism, is transmitted by the beet leafhopper, Circulifer tenellus. Beet leafhopper transmitted viresence agent has a wide host range, including many vegetables and weeds. The disease is dependent on populations of the leafhopper and reservoirs of the mycoplasmalike organism.
Management of tomato big bud is not practiced in California.