Agriculture: Tomato Pest Management Guidelines

Potato Tuberworm

  • Phthorimaea operculella
  • Description of the Pest

    Potato tuberworm infestations are not common in California, but when they do occur it is most often on the coast and in the southern San Joaquin Valley. Serious infestations are almost always associated with potato culture. Where tomatoes follow potatoes and where there are volunteer potato plants, there is always the danger of a serious infestation. Larvae of the tuberworm, when fully grown, are pinkish gray, with a brown head and prothoracic shield.

    Damage

    Potato tuberworm larvae prefer to enter the fruit at the calyx end, making a dry burrow through the core and the fleshy portions that radiate from it, but they may enter at any point on the fruit's surface. They usually spin a web over the entrance to their burrows, and the fruit must be carefully observed to detect damage.

    Management

    No control guidelines at this time other than to avoid planting tomatoes after or near infested potato fields or cull piles.

    Text Updated: 12/13