Agriculture: Citrus Pest Management Guidelines

Cultural and Other Practices That Affect Pests

Diseases

  Planting site selection Scion cultivar Rootstock cultivar Pathogen-free nursery stock Planting method (e.g. planting high) Drainage Irrigation amount, frequency, and method Fertilization Avoiding mechanical injury Sanitation Windbreaks Weed and border vegetation control Cultivation Pruning extent and timing Skirt pruning Lesion excision Root crown excavate & dry Minimizing dust Harvest timing  
Alternaria rot             X                       X Alternaria rot
Anthracnose                 X1         X           Anthracnose
Armillaria root rot X       X X X     X             X     Armillaria root rot
Bacterial blast             X X   X X     X           Bacterial blast
Botrytis rot                 X         X X         Botrytis rot
Brown rot             X               X         Brown rot
Dry root rot         X X X X X X             X     Dry root rot
Exocortis     X X           X       X           Exocortis
Hyphoderma canker X           X   X         X           Hyphoderma canker
Lemon sieve tube necrosis   X                                   Lemon sieve tube necrosis
Phytophthora gummosis         X X X                 X       Phytophthora gummosis
Phytophthora root rot     X   X X X                         Phytophthora root rot
Psorosis     X X           X                   Psorosis
Septoria spot                                     X Septoria spot
Stubborn disease       X                   X           Stubborn disease
Tristeza disease complex   X X X                               Tristeza disease complex

Disorders

  Planting site selection Scion cultivar Rootstock cultivar Pathogen-free nursery stock Planting method (e.g. planting high) Drainage Irrigation amount, frequency, and method Fertilization Avoiding mechanical injury Sanitation Windbreaks Weed and border vegetation control Cultivation Pruning extent and timing Skirt pruning Lesion excision Root crown excavate & dry Minimizing dust Harvest timing  
Frost tolerance X X X       X X           X           Frost tolerance
Nutrient disorders X       X X X X                       Nutrient disorders
Salinity X X X   X X X X                

    Salinity
Sunburn X           X X           X           Sunburn
Endoxerosis             X                         Endoxerosis
Edema             X                         Edema
Rindstain             X                         Rindstain

Invertebrates

  Planting site selection Scion cultivar Rootstock cultivar Pathogen-free nursery stock Planting method (e.g. planting high) Drainage Irrigation amount, frequency, and method Fertilization Avoiding mechanical injury Sanitation Windbreaks Weed and border vegetation control Cultivation Pruning extent and timing Skirt pruning Lesion excision Root crown excavate & dry Minimizing dust Harvest timing  
Ants                         X   X         Ants
Aphids X             X                       Aphids
Asian citrus psyllid X X           X           X           Asian citrus psyllid
Bean thrips X X                   X             X Bean thrips
Brown garden snail             X               X         Brown garden snail
California red scale and Yellow Scale                           X       X   California red scale and Yellow Scale
Caterpillars                                       Caterpillars
Citricola scale                                   X   Citricola scale
Citrus leafminer               X           X           Citrus leafminer
Citrus peelminer   X                   X               Citrus peelminer
Citrus red mite             X X                   X   Citrus red mite
Citrus thrips                     X                 Citrus thrips
Cottony cushion scale   X                       X X         Cottony cushion scale
Earwigs                       X     X         Earwigs
Fuller rose beetle                       X     X       X Fuller rose beetle
Glassy-winged sharpshooter X           X       X X               Glassy-winged sharpshooter
Greenhouse thrips                                     X Greenhouse thrips
Kanzawa spider mite             X X                       Kanzawa spider mite
Katydids                                       Katydids
Mealybugs   X                               X   Mealybugs
Potato leafhopper X                     X               Potato leafhopper
Purple scale                                   X   Purple scale
Texas citrus mite               X                   X   Texas citrus mite
Twospotted spider mite             X X                   X   Twospotted spider mite
Whiteflies                                   X   Whiteflies
Yuma spider mite               X                   X   Yuma spider mite

Nematodes

  Planting site selection Scion cultivar Rootstock cultivar Pathogen-free nursery stock Planting method (e.g. planting high) Drainage Irrigation amount, frequency, and method Fertilization Avoiding mechanical injury Sanitation Windbreaks Weed and border vegetation control Cultivation Pruning extent and timing Skirt pruning Lesion excision Root crown excavate & dry Minimizing dust Harvest timing  
Nematodes X   X X           X                   Nematodes

Weeds

  Planting site selection Scion cultivar Rootstock cultivar Pathogen-free nursery stock Planting method (e.g. planting high) Drainage Irrigation amount, frequency, and method Fertilization Avoiding mechanical injury Sanitation Windbreaks Weed and border vegetation control Cultivation Pruning extent and timing Skirt pruning Lesion excision Root crown excavate & dry Minimizing dust Harvest timing  
Weeds X       X X X X   X   X X             Weeds
Text Updated: 01/19