Agriculture: Cherry Pest Management Guidelines

Botrytis Blossom Blight

  • Botrytis cinerea
  • Symptoms and Signs

    Botrytis blossom blight starts when the pathogen attacks the calyx and flower petals, causing them to wither. As fruit starts to develop, a brown lesion forms where the diseased calyx touched the fruit surface. The lesion quickly spreads over the entire fruit, killing it while it is still very small. Grayish tufts of spores form on infected plant parts.

    Comments on the Disease

    Decay of flower parts is a serious problem in coastal areas if not controlled. It can become a problem in other growing areas when there is prolonged wet and cool weather during bloom.

    Spores form on infected, dead flower parts, fruit mummies on the orchard floor, and on other organic matter such as dead or senescent weeds. In spring, splashing rain and wind spread these spores to opening flowers. Flower parts are infected directly by germinating spores and the pathogen moves into developing fruit from infected flower parts. Green fruit rot develops when damp weather occurs while flower shucks still cling to the surface of young fruit. Cooler weather favors retention of the shucks, which are colonized by the pathogen, and increases the likelihood of green fruit rot.

    Management

    Weather conditions in coastal districts usually favor Botrytis blight every season, and a fungicide application is recommended at full bloom to prevent serious losses. In other areas, treatment is necessary only when wet weather is expected during bloom.

    Common name Amount per acre REI‡ PHI‡
    (Example trade name) (hours) (days)
    Not all registered pesticides are listed. The following are ranked with the pesticides having the greatest IPM value listed first—the most effective and least likely to cause resistance are at the top of the table. When choosing a pesticide, consider information relating to the pesticide's properties and application timing, honey bees, and environmental impact. Always read the label of the product being used.
    A. FLUOPYRAM/TRIFLOXYSTROBIN
    (Luna Sensation) 5-5.6 fl oz 12 1
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors (7) and Quinone outside inhibitor (11)
    COMMENTS: Resistance to FRAC 7 and FRAC 11 group fungicides is possible in fungal populations. Use only when alternating with a fungicide that has at least one different FRAC Group number.
    B. PENTHIOPYRAD
    (Fontelis) 14-20 fl oz 12 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors (7)
    COMMENTS: Resistance to FRAC 7 group fungicides is possible in fungal populations. Use only when alternating with a fungicide that has a different FRAC Group number.
    C. PYRACLOSTROBIN/BOSCALID
    (Pristine) 10.5-14.5 oz 12 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Quinone outside inhibitor (11) and Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (7)
    COMMENTS: To reduce the potential for the development of resistance, do not make more than a total of five applications per season of Group 7 or 11 fungicides.
    D. IPRODIONE
    (Rovral, Iprodione, Nevado) 1-2 pt 24 NA
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Dicarboximide (2)
    COMMENTS: Addition of a narrow range oil (superior, supreme) at 1-2% increases the effectiveness of this material. Do not apply after petal fall.
    E. THIOPHANATE METHYL
    (Topsin M, T-Methyl, etc.) 1.0 lb/100 gal water up to 1.5 lb/acre See label 1
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Methyl benzimidazole (1)
    COMMENTS: Recommended rate is 1.5 lb/acre. Use only once a year. Resistance to thiophanate methyl is common in populations of Monilinia fructicola and Botrytis cinerea in California cherry orchards. If resistance has occurred in the orchard, do not use this product. Otherwise, use only in combination or in an alternating application program with a fungicide that has a different Group number.
    F. FENHEXAMID
    (Elevate 50WDG) 1-1.5 lb 12 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Hydroxyanilide (17)
    COMMENTS: Do not apply more than 6 lb/acre per season or make more than 2 consecutive applications with this product.
    G. AZOXYSTROBIN/DIFENCONAZOLE
    (Quadris Top) 12-14 fl oz 12 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Quinone outside inhibitor (11) and Demethylation inhibitor (3)
    COMMENTS: Resistance to FRAC 3 and FRAC 11 group fungicides is possible in fungal populations. Use only when alternating with a fungicide that has at least one different FRAC Group number.
    H. AZOXYSTROBIN/PROPICOANZOLE
    (Quilt Xcel) 14 fl oz 12 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Quinone outside inhibitor (11) and Demethylation inhibitor (3)
    COMMENTS: Resistance to FRAC 3 and FRAC 11 group fungicides is possible in fungal populations. Use only when alternating with a fungicide that has at least one different FRAC Group number.
    I. TRIFLOXYSTROBIN/TEBUCONAZOLE
    (Adament) 4-8 fl oz 120 (5 days) 1
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Quinone outside inhibitor (11) and Demethylation inhibitor (3)
    COMMENTS: Resistance to FRAC 3 and FRAC 11 group fungicides is possible in fungal populations. Use only when alternating with a fungicide that has at least one different FRAC Group number.
    J. TEBUCONAZOLE
    (Elite 45WP) 4-8 oz 120 (5 days) 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Demethylation inhibitor (3)
    K. METCONAZOLE
    (Quash) 4 oz 12 14
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Demethylation inhibitor (3)
    COMMENTS: Resistance to FRAC 3 group fungicide is low but possible in Monilinia populations. Use only when alternating with a fungicide that has a different FRAC Group number.
    L. CAPTAN
    (Captan 50WP) 4 lb 24 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Multi-site contact (M4)
    COMMENTS: Do not apply in combination with, immediately before, or closely following oil sprays.
    M. CHLOROTHALONIL
    (Echo 720) 3.125-4.125pt 12 0
    (Bravo Ultrex) 2.8-3.8 lb 12 0
    (Bravo Weather Stik) 3.125-4.125 pt 12 0
    MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NAME (NUMBER1): Multi-site contact (M5)
    COMMENTS: May cause an allergic skin reaction in some people. Do not use with or closely following oil sprays. Do not apply more than 20.5 pt Bravo Weather Stik/acre/season. Do not apply more than 18.8 lb Bravo Ultrex/acre/season.
    Restricted entry interval (REI) is the number of hours (unless otherwise noted) from treatment until the treated area can be safely entered without protective clothing. Preharvest interval (PHI) is the number of days from treatment to harvest. In some cases the REI exceeds the PHI. The longer of two intervals is the minimum time that must elapse before harvest.
    1 Group numbers are assigned by the Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) according to different modes of actions. Fungicides with a different group number are suitable to alternate in a resistance management program. In California, make no more than one application of fungicides with Mode-of-action Group numbers 1, 4, 9, 11, or 17 before rotating to a fungicide with a different Mode-of-action Group number; for fungicides with other Group numbers, make no more than two consecutive applications before rotating to fungicide with a different Mode-of-action Group number.
    NA Not applicable.
    Text Updated: 09/15
    Treatment Table Updated: 09/15